Food Security and Child Malnutrition PDF Free Download
Food security and child malnutrition are at the forefront of our attention, both nationally and internationally. The articles contained in this compendium include a range of methodologies—literature review, cross-sectional study, longitudinal study, case-control, and even a focus group!—all of which examine this urgent issue, revealing new perspectives and facets of information. Furthermore, this is a not US-centric compendium, but instead includes research into food security measures in other nations around the world. HealthWatch has been a leader in the work being done in this area, and I am particularly happy to be able to include some of their work here. We will first discuss the meaning of food secure versus food insecure, before progressing into the association of food security with nutritional, growth, and physical and mental health outcomes. —Areej Hassan, MD
The current lack of consensus on the relationships between hunger, malnutrition and food insecurity frustrates efforts to design good policies and programs to deal with the many problems. Disputes over terminology distract from the need for urgent action. Chapter 1 argues that our understanding of food insecurity is incremental: it develops as new research in a variety of food-deprived and nutrition-deprived contexts reveals causes, experiences and consequences and how they are interlinked. If we are to improve beneficiary selection, program targeting and intervention impact assessment, it is vital to coordinate our new understandings. Chapter 1 brings convergence to our understanding of food insecurity by introducing a new framework that visualizes levels of food insecurity, and the concomitant consequences and responses, as a continuum. Some potential benefits of using the continuum as a diagnostic tool are increased focus on less extreme but nevertheless urgent manifestations of food insecurity, more accurate targeting of interventions and better follow-up, and improved accountability for donor spending.